The Public Press Complaints Collegium is an independent civil society structure that carries out self-regulation in the field of mass media, relying on the authority of the organizations that formed it and the persons elected to it. The purpose of the organization is to resolve information disputes.
The college was created in 2005 by an informal agreement between more than 80 mass media and non-media non-governmental organizations to carry out the functions of an arbitration court.
By the beginning of 2019, the Collegium held more than 200 meetings in Moscow, as well as holding meetings in Tver, Rostov-on-Don, Dagomys, Khabarovsk and Kazan, at which 200 decisions were made
The Public Press Complaints Collegium consists of two chambers: the Chamber of the Media Community (representatives of media associations, journalists, publishers, broadcasters, distributors, advertising agencies, etc.) and the Chamber of Media Audience (representatives of the Council of Judges, the Public Chamber RF, various trade unions, political parties, religious and other non-governmental organizations), each of which is headed by the Chairman of the Chamber and his two deputies.
In accordance with the amendments to the Charter, the Presidents of the Chambers, their deputies, as well as the Executive Secretary of the Board form the permanent Presidium of the Board, which is responsible for preparing the meetings of the Board, organizing the work of the ad hoc boards, deciding on the rejection of inadmissible complaints, representing the Board in public relations .
Consideration of information disputes is carried out ad hoc by collegiums created to consider each specific dispute, taking into account the competence of the members of the Board in each specific case. They are formed by an agreed decision of the Co-Chairs of the College from among the members who have expressed their consent to participate in the meeting. When forming an ad hoc board, whenever possible, the wishes of the participants in the information dispute are taken into account.
The main tasks of the Public College are
- the formation of a culture of professional and honest journalism;
- restoration and strengthening of confidence in the media;
- strengthening freedom of the press in Russia.
Most of the appeals to the College relate to the protection of the honour and dignity of individuals, many complaints affect the issue of non-provision of the right to answer or refute disputed material. Complainants' complaints about defamation are increasingly common, mostly from government officials, large corporations, various non-governmental organizations, politicians and other public figures.
Every year, more and more calls come from various regions of Russia, at the very beginning of the work of the College, the vast majority of complaints related to the capital's media or federal television channels.
Any individual, organization or media interested in resolving the conflict with the help of the Public Collegium, and not the court, by signing an agreement recognizing the jurisdiction of the College, take a moral obligation not to go to court in this case.
The public board bases its activity on codes and declarations of professional ethics of a journalist, including the Declaration of Principles of Conduct for Journalists, the Code of Professional Ethics of a Russian Journalist, the Charter of Broadcasters, and many other documents.
Print, broadcasting, online media.