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Excerpts are underlined in the text and highlighted when activated. Each of them relates to an ethical principle that is displayed on click, as well as the list of journalistic codes of ethics that also refer to this same principle.

Macedonia

Code of the ethics of journalists of Macedonia

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Published: 15 October 2014

DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES ON CONDUCT


Freedom of the media is undeniable.

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Protecting and promoting freedom of speech-press > Freedom of press

Freedom of press

This principle was also found in:


Main duty of the journalist is to respect the truth and right of the public to be informed, in accordance to Article 16 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Protecting and promoting freedom of speech-press > Providing information

Providing information

This principle was also found in:


The journalists have a role of transmitters of information, ideas and opinions, and have a right to comment.

Ethical principle:

Rights of journalism > Freedom to advocate and give own views

Freedom to advocate and give own views

This principle was also found in:
By respecting the ethical virtues and professional standards regarding the presentation of information, the journalists shell be honest, objective and will report promptly.

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Integrity

Integrity

This principle was also found in:


Right and obligation of the journalists is to strive to prevent censorship and distortion of news.

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Protecting and promoting freedom of speech-press > Censorship

Censorship

This principle was also found in:


Having in mind their role in the building of democracy and civic society,

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Protecting democratic values and rights > Defending and promoting democracy

Defending and promoting democracy

This principle was also found in:
the journalists shall defend the human rights, dignity and freedom, shall respect the pluralism of ideas and opinions, shall contribute to strengthening of the legal state and shall participate in the control over the government and other subjects in the public life.

BASED ON THESE PRINCIPLES AND ETHICAL VALUES:



  1. The journalists shall publish correct, verified information and will not conceal essential information or forge documents.

    Ethical principle:

    Reporting facts as they are > Accuracy > Distortion of facts or forgery

    Distortion of facts or forgery

    This principle was also found in:
    If given information cannot be confirmed or if it is a matter of assumption, i.e. speculation, that should be noted and published.

    Ethical principle:

    Reporting facts as they are > Verification of information > Rumours and unconfirmed or unverified reports

    Rumours and unconfirmed or unverified reports

    This principle was also found in:
    Correctness of the information ought to be verified as much as possible.

    Ethical principle:

    Reporting facts as they are > Verification of information

    Verification of information

    This principle was also found in:

  2. If the journalist is prevented from coming to an information, he/she has the right to inform the public about that.

    Ethical principle:

    Journalism in society > Protecting and promoting freedom of speech-press > Freedom of information

    Freedom of information

    This principle was also found in:

  3. The journalist shall strive to provide publication of correction, denial or reply in cases when given information is found to be incorrect.

    Ethical principle:

    Reporting facts as they are > Correction of errors by media

    Correction of errors by media

    This principle was also found in:

  4. The journalist shall point out the source of information, but if the source demands to remain anonymous the journalist shall protect him.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Confidentiality

    Confidentiality

    This principle was also found in:

  5. The journalist shall respect the rule of law and will publish nothing that is on the contrary with the public interest.

    Ethical principle:

    Journalism in society > Upholding the reputation of journalism > Respect the rule of law

    Respect the rule of law

    This principle was also found in:

  6. The journalist must not use the media he/she works in for publication or concealing of information in order to gain personal benefit.

    Ethical principle:

    Media independence > Independence regarding personal interests > Using job or job-related information for private benefits

    Using job or job-related information for private benefits

    This principle was also found in:
    Bribe, corruption and racketeering cannot be put in context with the journalistic profession.

    Ethical principle:

    Media independence > Accepting bribes

    Accepting bribes

    This principle was also found in:
    Influence from advertising and other commercial motives on the freedom of informing must not be allowed.

    Ethical principle:

    Media independence > Independence from commercial interests

    Independence from commercial interests

    This principle was also found in:
    There should be demarcation between advertising and journalistic text with illustration.

    Ethical principle:

    Media independence > Independence from commercial interests > Separation of paid and editorial content

    Separation of paid and editorial content

    This principle was also found in:

  7. The journalist shall respect the privacy of every person, except in cases when that is on the contrary with the public interest.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Dignity > Privacy (and the public interest)

    Privacy (and the public interest)

    This principle was also found in:
    The journalist is obliged to respect the personal pain and grief.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Vulnerable people and sensitive topics

    Vulnerable people and sensitive topics

    This principle was also found in:

  8. The manner of informing in case of accident, elementary disaster, war, family tragedy, sickness, court procedures must be free from sensationalism.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Dignity > Sensationalism

    Sensationalism

    This principle was also found in:
    The principle of presumption of innocence, reporting for all involved parties in the legal dispute without suggesting verdict, will be applied when reporting on court procedures.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Vulnerable people and sensitive topics > Presumption of innocence

    Presumption of innocence

    This principle was also found in:

  9. The journalist must not interview or photograph children under 16 years of age without agreement from the parents or legal guardians, unless that is in accordance to the children rights.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Honoring agreements > Children

    Children

    This principle was also found in:
    The same refers to people with special needs, who are not able to decide rationally.

  10. The journalists shall not consciously create or process information that jeopardize the human rights and freedoms, shall not use hate speech and shall not encourage discrimination of any sort (nationality, religion, sex, social class, language, sexual orientation, political orientationÂ…)

  11. The journalist shall observe the general social standards of decency and shall respect the ethnic, cultural and religious differences in the Republic of Macedonia.

    Ethical principle:

    Being fair > Dignity > Decency

    Decency

    This principle was also found in:

  12. Plagiarism is unacceptable. Quotes must not be used if the author or the source is not specified.

    Ethical principle:

    Reporting facts as they are > Truthfulness > Use of quotes

    Use of quotes

    This principle was also found in:

  13. The journalist ought to make distinction between facts and opinions, news and comments.

    Ethical principle:

    Reporting facts as they are > Opinions and op-eds > Separation between facts and opinions or analysis

    Separation between facts and opinions or analysis

    This principle was also found in:

  14. Reporting on political processes, especially elections, must be impartial, balanced and fair.The journalist must make professional distance from the political subjects.

  15. The journalist must maintain the culture of speech and ethics.Impolite manner of communicating with the public is on the contrary with the journalistic profession.

  16. The journalist shall defend the reputation and dignity of his/hers profession, shall urge mutual solidarity and difference in opinions and will not misuse the media he/she works in for personal vendetta against other persons, including his colleagues.

    Ethical principle:

    Journalism in society > Upholding the reputation of journalism > Dignity of journalism as a profession

    Dignity of journalism as a profession

    This principle was also found in:

  17. The journalist has the right to refuse a given task if that is on the contrary with the principles of this code.

    Ethical principle:

    Rights of journalism > Refusing unethical assignments > Not acting against the principles of the Code of Ethics

    Not acting against the principles of the Code of Ethics

    This principle was also found in:


FINAL PROVISIONS


The journalists who work in accordance to this code enjoy support from their media outlets and professional organization.

Ethical principle:

Rights of journalism > Support from professional organizations

Support from professional organizations

This principle was also found in:


In accordance to the Laws of the Republic of Macedonia, the journalists shall accept only the court of their colleagues regarding the profession and shall be free from political and other influence.

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Accountability > Workings and procedures of the Media Council

Workings and procedures of the Media Council

This principle was also found in:


The Council of Honor is responsible for observing of the principles of this code.

Ethical principle:

Journalism in society > Accountability > Workings and procedures of the Media Council

Workings and procedures of the Media Council

This principle was also found in:


Skopje 14.11.2001 Journalists of the Republic of Macedonia

#PressCouncilsEU